The Negro Motorist Green Book was a publication released in 1936 that served as a guide for African-American travelers. Because of the racist conditions that existed from segregation, blacks needed a reference manual to guide them to integrated or black-friendly establishments. That’s when they turned to “The Negro Motorist Green Book: An International Travel Guide” by activist Victor Green and presented by the Esso Standard Oil Company.
Originally provided to serve Metropolitan New York, the book received such an alarming response, it was spread throughout the country within one year. The catch phrase was “Now we can travel without embarassment.”
The Green Book often provided information on local “tourist homes,” which were private residences owned by blacks and open to travelers. It was especially helpful to blacks that traveled through “sunset towns” or towns that publicly stated that blacks had to leave the town by sundown or it would be cause for arrest. Also listed were hotels, barbershops, beauty salons, restaurants, garages, liquor stores, ball parks and taverns. It also provided a listing of the white-owned, black-friendly locations for accommodations and food.
The publication was free, with a 10-cent cost of shipping. As interest grew, the Green Book solicited salespersons nationwide to build its ad sales.
Inside the pages of the Green Book were action photos of the various locations, along with historical and background information for the readers’ review. Within the pages of the introduction, the guide states, “There will be a day sometime in the near future when this guide will not have to be published. That is when we as a race will have equal opportunities and privileges in the United States.”
The Green Book printed its last copy in 1964 after the passing of the Civil Rights Act.
To view The Green Book click here.
by Erica Taylor, Tom Joyner Morning Show
mary j. blige, taraji p. henson, samuel l. jackson, usher and nia long grace the 65th anniversary cover & november issue of ebony magazine.
you can find it on newsstands beginning oct. 5 and nationwide october 12, 2010.
a billboard buyer in ozark, mo is receiving death threats after he brought an anti-obama sign to the city.
according to online reports, steve critchfield insists the billboard was for “something more American in the name of discourse, conversation, and old-fashioned debate.” instead, he is being accused of hate speech and rascism.
“I’ve certainly voted for people I’m embarrassed to say I’ve voted for,” he said. “We’re not naïve enough to think that we wouldn’t get someone to be upset. I’m just surprised how upset people are.”
really steve? are you really surprised? i don’t think you are. i’m just saying…
the video below is of deonte bridges, the valedictorian for the booker t. washington high school class of 2010, in atlanta, ga. this is a baaaad brother. you can’t watch this five minute clip and not be inspired to make big moves in your life.
let me begin by saying happy birthday to me! i’m 30 today!
i began my birthday week with a trip to new york city to see one of my bff’s that graduated with her master’s on may 12th (congrats again faith!). on monday we’re walking in manhattan and i see a street sign that says “african burial ground way”. i point it out to faith and we proceed across the street to read the signs around what looks like a shrine.
we learned something new that day.
in that spot in 1991, during excavation work for a new federal office building, workers discovered the skeletal remains of the first of more than 400 men, women and children. Further investigation revealed that during the 17th and 18th centuries, free and enslaved Africans were buried in a 6.6 acre burial ground in lower Manhattan outside the boundaries of the settlement of New Amsterdam, which would become New York. Over the decades, the unmarked cemetery was covered over by development and landfill.
The African Burial Ground National Monument, located at the corners of Duane and Elk Streets in lower Manhattan, is operated by the National Park Service. For directions to the site and more information, go to www.nps.gov/afbg
The memorial is open Monday through Sunday 9:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. except Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Years Day.
The African Burial Ground Visitor Center is located in the adjacent Ted Weiss Federal Building at 290 Broadway. The hours of operation are Monday thorough Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. except for federal holidays.
Lena Horne, who broke new ground for black performers when she signed a long-term contract with a major Hollywood studio and who went on to achieve international fame as a singer, died on Sunday night in Manhattan. She was 92.
i know everyone is reporting this, so i will not write any more. www.nytimes.com has the best article.
Thomas Hagan, the only man to admit shooting Malcolm X, was freed today on parole 45 years after he helped assassinate the civil rights leader.
Hagan, 69, has said he was one of three people who shot Malcolm X as he began a speech at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem on Feb. 21, 1965, but said the two men convicted with him were not involved. They maintained their innocence and were paroled in the 1980s. No one else has ever been charged.
Hagan had been in a full-time work-release program since March 1992 that allowed him to live at home with his family in Brooklyn five days a week while reporting to the prison just two days.
To win his release, Hagan was required to seek, obtain and maintain a job, support his children and abide by a curfew. He must continue to meet those conditions while free. He told the parole board he’s worked the same job for the past seven years. He told the New York Post in 2008 he was working at a fast-food restaurant.
hagan in 2008.
see the full story on www.cnn.com
Katie Washington, a biological sciences major from Gary, has been named valedictorian of the 2010 University of Notre Dame graduating class and will present the valedictory address at the May 16 commencement.
Washington is believed to be the first black valedictorian at Notre Dame.
The university doesn’t keep records by race of valedictorians, but employees in the campus news office and the University Archives said they don’t know of any previous black valedictorian. An officer of the Black Alumni of Notre Dame group said that group is unaware of any previous black valedictorian.
Washington, who earned a 4.0 grade-point average, has a minor in Catholic social teaching. She has conducted research on lung cancer at Cold Spring Harbor (N.Y.) Laboratory and performed genetic studies in Notre Dame’s Eck Institute for Global Health on the mosquito that carries dengue and yellow fever. She is the co-author of a research paper with David Severson, a professor of biological sciences.
Washington directs the Voices of Faith Gospel Choir at Notre Dame, is a mentor/tutor for the Sister-to-Sister program at Washington High School in South Bend and serves as student coordinator of the Center for Social Concerns’ “Lives in the Balance: Youth Violence and Society Seminar.”
After graduation, Washington plans to pursue a joint M.D./Ph.D. program at Johns Hopkins University.